Do you know about a limited eye test?  It refers to vision screening performed by a school nurse, a pediatrician, or health care volunteers or professionals. The limited eye test helps in identifying the risk of vision problems. An eye test is known as vision screening when it is taken for a driver’s license. It is not a complete eye checkup. It serves as an alternative. An Optometrist conducts comprehensive eye exams, while the pediatricians and family physicians may miss some important vision problems requiring immediate treatment. 

Who is an Optometrist?

The words ‘OP’ refer to eye doctors, and they are optometrists and ophthalmologists. An optometrist focuses on regular vision care, lenses, and eyeglasses prescription. While an ophthalmologist is a physician offering eye care services. They work together, offering vision care. 

The Optometrist services include conducting eye exams, giving treatment for conditions, such as far and nearsightedness, besides astigmatism, providing therapy, low vision aids, prescribing contact lenses and eyeglasses. They also diagnose conditions such as macular degeneration, cataracts, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, and conjunctivitis. They also participate in a post or pre-operative care after surgery.

Who needs to go for a regular eye checkup?

The importance of going for regular eye checkups to an optometrist is a must for children and adults. The adult eye’s current prescription is taken into account, and the optometrist looks for eye disease early signs. Checking of eyes is important for children to ensure normal vision development.

How frequently is a checkup required?

A complete eye examination for adults should be once in one to three years, relying on the risk factors, age, and if you are already wearing corrective lenses. A routine eye examination is required for children, as well. Children may go for an eye exam when they are six months, three years, and at the school commencement. Until age 18, children can go for eye exams once in two years. However, children using corrective lenses should go for annual eye checkups.

How optometrists help patients?

Optometrists are experts paying a vital role in patients’ vision, overall health, and eye health.  They are trained to:

  • Manage, treat, and correct disorders and visual system diseases, the eye, and its structures.
  • Detect and recognize related systemic conditions.
  • Removal of foreign bodies below the cornea surface or from the eye.
  • Prescribe oral or topical schedule for eye care.
  • Diagnose and treat perceptual and binocular vision disorders.

Becoming better videographers is the dream of many people but only a few can attain it. It is crucial to know that shooting professional videos goes beyond having good equipment. There are basic and essential tips or skills that can help to avoid the frustration faced by many videographers. Here are helpful tips to become a better videographer.

1. Shoot Steady Video

Professional videos look as steady as possible. Although you can take advantage of a tripod to shoot steady videos, you can develop the skill of shooting without the tripod to avoid over-dependence on the equipment. However, you can take down a heavy gear on you and put your body in the right position such that your hands do not shake when breathing. If there is a wall or an object you can use to brace the camera, it will help to make the footage stable.

2. Be Creative 

Your creativity will make your footage look professional and not just like shots from a surveillance camera. Use different angles and perspectives to make your footage interesting and filled with variety. Master creative shooting techniques and endeavour to always be in the middle of the events to capture relevant footage.

3. Shoot Widescreen Videos

Many videographers now shoot in widescreen formats like 16 by 9 ratio. There is no crime in trying something new. Follow the trend and experiment with widescreen formats. Think outside the box on how to use the extra visual space. Meanwhile, widescreen formats do not necessarily mean shooting wide shots. Try close-ups to capture people’s emotions and make the video more interesting.

4. Avoid Unnecessary Zooms and Pans

Using unnecessary zooms and pans can make viewers bored easily. Pan, tilt, and zoom only at the right times to make the footage interesting. Avoid reaching the zoom button every time. Learn to achieve more with effective camera handling skills. Follow the action you are recording and use appropriate techniques.

5. Capture High-quality Sound

Professional videographers always prioritize the quality of the sound or audio they capture. Invest in the right microphone that will record high-quality sound. Without a good sound, the video may not have meaning value. To ensure that you are recording the audio of the events you are covering, use a pair of good headphones. This will also help to avoid recording unwanted sound.


Learn professional skills and techniques. Keep in mind to follow the best practice possible. You will become a better videographer soon. All the famous videographers you read about started from somewhere but were disciplined to get the best results.

Although no one wants their roof to leak, roof leaks can happen at any time. Unluckily, roof leaks can cause water damage, structural damage, and lots more. Therefore, you can save yourself lots of stress by understanding the common causes of roof leaks and preventing them.

Given this, what is the most common cause of roof leaks? We will discuss it below.

  • Cracked flashing

Basically, flashing is a piece of metal designed for preventing water from damaging your roof. This piece of metal is usually installed on the joint of a roof as well as beneath the shingles of a roof. Over time, the tar used for sealing the flashing can corrode; hence, rain, wind, and other elements can make the flashing crack.

Unfortunately, cracked flashing will make the roof start leaking as its shingles and joints will be exposed. So, it is important to take care of the flashing if you don’t want your roof to leak.

However, cracked flashing is not the only problem associated with roofing in Hamilton. Other factors can also lead to roof leaks.

  • Broken shingles

Heavy rains and high winds are some of the biggest enemies of shingles. This is because they can beat the shingles until they are broken. Luckily, you can detect broken shingles easily as the roofing materials will have lots of different-colored patches. In some cases, you may even see the broken shingles in various parts of your yard.

  • Cracked vent booting

Roof vents are often installed for getting rid of excess moisture from the interior part of your home. These vents can crack if the roof is decaying, shingles are broken, or the flashings are damaged. Once your vents are faulty, you will notice some dark darks. Sometimes, the problem area may also be musty.

  • Clogged gutters

Your gutter system is clogged when leaves, dirt, dust, and other items find their way into the system and, as such, don’t allow water to travel away from your roof. While this may look unproblematic at the beginning, it will soon develop into a serious issue that will make water accumulate. With time, clogged gutters will force water to start coming out of some parts of the roof.

  • Improperly sealed valleys

Contextually, a valley refers to a spot where two planes of a roof meet. This sloped spot must be sealed appropriately to prevent water from running down the roof into the ceiling. So, if the valleys are not sealed properly, a roof leak is imminent.

  • A cracked chimney

A cracked chimney is another factor that can cause roof leaks. Some of the causes of a cracked chimney are mortared spots or wear and tear on the chimney, loose flashing, broken shingles, as well as holes in the mortared joints that link the roof to the chimney.

Other factors that can cause issues with your roofing in Hamilton include improperly installed skylights, walking on roofs, condensation in the attic, and ice dam buildup. Whatever the cause, make sure you fix the leaks immediately.

Good diets, exercises, vaccinations, occasional walks, and regular visits to the vet are crucial to your dog’s physical well-being and happiness. However, these are not the only important things that improve the quality of your dog’s life. Socialization is another essential aspect of your dog’s life that requires your attention. Properly socialized dogs are less of a risk to you, your family, strangers, and even other pets they may meet on the streets or at a dog daycare because they would have acquired the needed behavioral experience. Here are five other surprising reasons why dog socialization is important

  • Confidence Development

Leaving your dog alone at home while going out does nothing to improve your dog’s confidence around other people and dogs. Socialization exposes your dog to new interactions, which may bring about positive experiences and reactions to unfamiliar situations. 

  • It Makes Traveling with your Dog Easier

When dogs are faced with a new situation or environment, they tend to be a little bit reluctant and anxious. If you properly socialize your dog, you can bring them along in your cars or public transportation without causing a scene. The best way to achieve this is to take them along on a trip while they are still developing socialization skills.

  • Physical Examinations with Vets are Easier

From time to time, you will be required to take your dog to the vet for physical examinations and proper vaccination. If your dog is only used to sitting at home all day without any form of socialization with the outside world, your vet might have a hard time doing his job.

  • Controlled Aggression

Dogs that are used to meeting new people and interacting with other dogs are less likely to become aggressive. Socialization helps to reduce anxiety and unfamiliarity when your dog finds itself in a new environment. Dog daycares give dogs the opportunity to get comfortable being around other dogs and humans.

  • Reduces the Chances of Your Dog Running Away

Poorly socialized dogs are more likely to run away from their owners than properly socialized dogs as the first response of a poorly socialized dog to a new situation is fear and anxiety. Adequate socialization will help you reduce the risk of losing your pet.

Socialization is a continuous process that has to be introduced to a dog’s life as early as possible. The earlier you start to socialize your dog, the easier it becomes for you to conveniently and comfortably take them anywhere with you. Socialization will help you build confidence in your drug and trust it to act accordingly at all times. If you are a busy person, you can sign up your dog to the nearest dog daycare around you for basic socialization training.